Eclectus Parrot

Did you know?

Eclectus Parrots are noisy and conspicuous, calling as they fly and screeching loudly when disturbed.

Calls
Screeching squawking contact call in flight, but while feeding infrequently call 'chu-wee, chu-wee', also a variety of chuckling and bell-like sounds.
Facts and Figures
Research Species: 
No
Minimum Size: 
40cm
Maximum Size: 
48cm
Average size: 
45cm
Average weight: 
550g
Breeding season: 
July to January
Clutch Size: 
2
Incubation: 
26 days
Nestling Period: 
80 days
Conservation Status
Basic Information
Scientific Name: 
Featured bird groups: 
Atlas Number: 
275
What does it look like?
Description: 

The Eclectus Parrot is a large parrot with marked sexual dimorphism (the male and female are different). The male is emerald green, with bend of wing blue, primaries deep blue, underwing coverts and sides of belly rich scarlet. It has a short square tail with central tail feathers green tipped with blue; outer tail feathers are blue tipped with white. The underside of the tail is dusky tipped yellow. The eye is orange. The upper mandible of its bill is coral pink, but the lower mandible is black. Feet and toes are mid grey. The female's plumage is vivid red, darker and duller on back and wings. It has a blue collar across the mantle and the bend of the wing and underwing coverts are bright blue, with a broad violet-blue band across the belly. The tail is red tipped with orange. Around the pale yellow eye is a blue ring. The bill is black. The feet and toes are the same as for the male. In flight for both sexes the blue-wing linings and orange tail are conspicuous. Immatures resemble adults. In both sexes the bill is dark brown-grey becoming dusky yellow towards tip. The Eclectus Parrot is also called the Red-sided Parrot and Rocky River Parrot.

Similar species: 

The male is unmistakable. The female is somewhat similar to the male King Parrot.

Where does it live?
Distribution: 

The Eclectus Parrot is found on Eastern Cape York Peninsula, from Pascoe River south to Massey Creek and inland to McIlwraith Range and is locally common. Also widely distributed from Solomon lslands west through New Guinea to Moluccas

Habitat: 

The Eclectus Parrot is found in the canopy of rainforests and in adjacent eucalypt woodlands.

Seasonal movements: 

The Eclectus Parrot is a year-round resident.

What does it do?
Feeding: 

The Eclectus Parrot feeds in trees on berries and other fruit, nuts, seeds and blossoms. In the early morning pairs and small parties leave the roosting trees and move out into surrounding forest to feed.

Breeding: 

Eclectus Parrot nests in a big hole 50cm to 6m deep in the trunk of a tall tree at the edge of or in a clearing in forest. The eggs are laid on a lining of chips and decayed wood dust. Incubation is by the female over about 26 days. Both parents care for the chicks and seem to be helped in the task. Reports state that up to eight birds of both sexes appear to attend the nests. The young leave the nest 11-12 weeks after hatching

Living with us

They may be adversely affected by fires late in the dry season which destroy nesting trees at the edge of the rainforest.

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