Sooty Oystercatcher

Did you know?

The Sooty Oystercatcher is the only all-black shorebird in Australia.

Calls
A loud piercing, piping cry: 'kervee-kervee-kervee'.
Facts and Figures
Research Species: 
No
Minimum Size: 
48cm
Maximum Size: 
51cm
Average size: 
50cm
Breeding season: 
October to January
Incubation: 
15 days
Conservation Status
Federal: 
NT: 
QLD: 
SA: 
TAS: 
VIC: 
WA: 
Basic Information
Scientific Name: 
Featured bird groups: 
Atlas Number: 
131
What does it look like?
Description: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher is a striking black shorebird with a long red bill, red eye and pink legs. Young birds are duller and browner. It is often seen with the similar Pied Oystercatcher and is only found in coastal areas.

Similar species: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher is the only all-black shorebird in Australia and is easily distinguished from the similar sized and shaped Pied OystercatcherH. longirostris, which is black and white.

Where does it live?
Distribution: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher is endemic to Australia and is widespread in coastal eastern, southern and western Australia.

Habitat: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher is strictly coastal, usually within 50 m of the ocean. It prefers rocky shores, but will be seen on coral reefs or sandy beaches near mudflats. It breeds on offshore islands and isolated rocky headlands.

Seasonal movements: 

Mostly resident and territorial, moving to islands to breed. In Tasmania, overwinters in non-breeding areas.

What does it do?
Feeding: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher feeds on molluscs, crabs and other crustaceans, marine worms, starfish and sea urchins, and small fish. It uses its long bill to stab at prey or to lever, prise or hammer open food items. It drinks seawater.

Breeding: 

The Sooty Oystercatcher breeds in colonies, with both members of a breeding pair incubating eggs and caring for the young. They nest in a scrape on the ground among pebbles or shells on rocky shores or cliffs.

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